A Reblog: ALERT: Black people put in camps…are you ready? — Kushite Kingdom

This has been one hot summer hasn’t it? With all these police shootings of black people every other week. The racial tension is growing every day. I can feel it in the air. But I think these events may have been planned years in advance. They have staged many terrorist acts. Do a little research and […]

via ALERT: Black people put in camps…are you ready? — Kushite Kingdom

A Reblog: The Obama Legacy Part 2: Economic Policy Wall Street Could Count On

Originally posted on Black Agenda Report (click link for original post):

Submitted by Danny Haiphong on Tue, 07/05/2016 – 18:03

The Obama Legacy Part 2: Economic Policy Wall Street Could Count On

by Danny Haiphong

“Obama Administration’s economic policies were always meant to stabilize and enrich Wall Street at the expense of the working class and poor.”

The 2008 economic crisis sent Washington into a frantic search for a way to forestall popular rebellion. It found the perfect Presidential candidate in Barack Obama. With millions of Wall Street dollars at his disposal to bankroll a masterful marketing campaign, Obama was sold to the masses as the solution to eight years of Republican Party rule. Obama was advertised as the hope and change that the American people could believe in. The first Black President branded himself not as an ally of Wall Street, but as an opponent of the foreclosures, layoffs, and falling wages that had come to characterize American life under capitalist crisis.

In 2008, the Bush Administration responded to the capitalist crash with a bank bailout worth 700 billion dollars. Eight years later, it has been estimated that 4.5 trillion USD was transferred to the top 1 percent of income earners under the Obama Administration. The hope and the change that was sold to the masses amounted to nothing more than a marketing to scam. To cover up this scam, the corporate media devised a narrative that redirected blame toward “Republican obstructionism” and away from Obama. This narrative suppressed how the Obama Administration’s economic policies were always meant to stabilize and enrich Wall Street at the expense of the working class and poor.

Obama was Wall Street’s ace in the hole. While the Democratic Party cried foul play on the Republicans, the Obama Administration gave cover to Wall Street bankers. Bankers were given a get out of jail free card despite a Democratic Party majority in the House and the Senate in 2009 and 2010. Token bankers were slapped with fines for fleecing the US population with shark loans and predatory mortgages. Meanwhile, the same banks that threw millions into homelessness, joblessness, and poverty continued to receive tens of billions of dollars in “Quantitative Easing” from the Federal Reserve.

“The Obama Administration created the Simpson-Bowles commission to cut Medicare and Social Security.”

The policy of “Quantitative Easing” stopped officially in 2014, but the Obama Administration never ceased its policy of robbery of the working class. In 2011, Obama proposed a grand bargain with both parties that included 3 trillion dollars worth of cuts in domestic spending over the next decade. In 2012, the Obama Administration celebrated victory over the Republicans by creating the Simpson-Bowles commission to cut Medicare and Social Security. These benefits, historically understood as untouchable, were placed on the chopping block for the first time by the nation’s first Black President.

The bi-partisan Sampson-Bowles Commission called for another 2.5 trillion dollars worth of domestic cuts. The commission proposed a cut of 585 billion dollars to Medicare and a readjustment of how cost of living increases are calculated for Social Security benefits. All in all, the Sampson-Bowles commission was never able to fully implement these unpopular domestic proposals, partly because Republicans feared that such a move would hasten the demise of the party. In this way, as Glen Ford reported in 2012, gridlock has been one of the few bright spots of Obama’s reign.

Nonetheless, Obama has been able to get away with waging an all out war on the poor with little resistance from his supporters. In his swan song, Obama used his last State of the Union address to celebrate a farcical 5.6 percent unemployment rate. He described the American economy as the most durable in the world. This was a big lie. Not only was Obama describing a sinking capitalist economy that possessed a record low labor participation rate and a real unemployment rate closer to ten percent, but low-wage jobs have comprised the bulk of new job growth in the US under his rule.

“Obama has been able to get away with waging an all out war on the poor with little resistance from his supporters.”

The growing misery and impoverishment of the masses did not hold Obama back from attacking what little the poor has at its disposal to supplement wages. In 2014, Obama signed into law an 8.7 billion dollar cut to food stamps. The law included a new time restrictions for access to benefits for those who do not qualify for disability exemption. Those without disability status must prove they have been looking for work or have their benefits stripped after three months. Millions of people have since lost their food stamps due to the Obama Administration’s draconian reforms of this vital social service.

Obama’s record as the austerity President can be seen clearly in the condition of the working class and poor in the closing days of his rule. The wealth gap between White America and Black America is wider than it was in the 1960s. Poverty increased every year of Obama’s Presidency. One of every two individuals in the US are poor and 80 percent experience “near poverty.” Obama, rather than challenge the rule of Wall Street, has played the leading role in enriching the banks at the expense of everyone else.

Perhaps Obama’s most enduring legacy is that few protested his service to Wall Street. Occupy Wall Street made scant mention of him during its peak in 2011-2012. Labor unions were silent throughout the duration of his administration. For much of his rule, Black Americans believed their economic condition was actually improving contrary to material reality. Barack Obama was the most effective evil finance capitalism could buy. His selection into the Oval Office in 2008 and again 2012 set the movement against the crisis of capitalism back immeasurably. When his rule finally ends, expect these lost years to come rushing back to the forefront of political struggle at a rapid pace. The 2016 elections have only been a taste of what’s to come.

Danny Haiphong is an Asian activist and political analyst in the Boston area. He can be reached at wakeupriseup1990@gmail.com

A Reblog: On The Fourth of July, Thank the Most Important Founding Father: Haiti’s Jean-Jacques Dessalines

Originally published on BLACK AGENDA REPORT (click link for original post):


Submitted by Pascal Robert on Tue, 07/05/2016 – 17:53

On The Fourth of July, Thank the Most Important Founding Father: Haiti’s Jean-Jacques Dessalines

by Pascal Robert

This article previously appeared in Thought Merchant.

“Napoleon’s defeat forced him to give up his plans of conquering North America and the United States.”

With the rise of Donald Trump as the presumptive Republican nominee for the 2016 presidential election, a reactionary nativism has taken hold in America. Resentment towards immigrants and Muslims has found solace in Trump’s promises to “build a wall” between Mexico and the United States, as well as deny further entry to Muslim immigrants. These themes have generated a White nationalistic fervor among Americans who believe they want to “take their country back,” and “make America great again.”

What is both ironic and comical about the pleas of these reactionary American nativists is that they are premised on ridiculous White settler colonial myths about the founding of America. The mythology assumes America was founded on notions of liberty and freedom when, in reality, those rights were originally only assured to land-owning White males. What is more important in deflating this pedestrian narrative about American history’s “debt” to its bourgeois slave owning revolutionary origins, is that the most important person in assuring this settler colonial project called America was not aborted less than 30 years after the July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence, was a former Black slave who helped lead an army of his fellows against three European Empires to free his people: Jean-Jacques Dessalines, founder of the independent nation of Haiti.

“But the prejudice of race alone blinded the American people [to] the debt they owed to the desperate courage of 500,000 Haitian Negroes who would not be enslaved.” — Henry Adams, direct decedent of John Adams and America’s foremost Historian of the 18th and 19th centuries

After defeating one of the greatest military expeditions in the history of the British Empire,

“The most important person in assuring this settler colonial project called America was not aborted less than 30 years after the July 4, 1776 Declaration of Independence, was a former Black slave.”

L’Ouverture’s second in command, General Jean Jacques Desssalines was charged with the task of ultimately defeating Napoleon Bonaparte’s massive army from the years of 1802-1803, after Toussaint was captured by Bonaparte’s emissaries and sent back to France to die imprisoned.

What is lost on most Americans is that Napoleon Bonaparte, renowned as one of the greatest military minds in Western history, was not merely intent on conquering the former African slaves in Haiti, but also using the opportunity to plant a military expedition in New Orleans large enough to conquer North America and then president Thomas Jefferson’s United States. Hence making the newly independent United States a subject and colony of the French Empire.

“[Napoleon] set his sights on a new goal: restoring the imperial crown’s finest jewel, the lost Saint-Domingue/Haiti. In 1801, he sent the largest invasion fleet that ever crossed the Atlantic, some 50,000 men, to the island under the leadership of his brother-in-law Charles LeClerc. Their mission was to decapitate the ex-slave leadership of Saint-Domingue/Haiti. “No more gilded Africans,” Napoleon commanded. Subdue any resistance by deception and force. Return to slavery all the Africans who survived.

Napoleon had also assembled a second army, and he had given it a second assignment. In 1800, he had concluded a secret treaty that “retroceded” Louisiana to French control after 37 years in Spanish hands. This second army was to go to Louisiana and plant the French flag. And at 20,000 men strong, it was larger than the entire U.S. Army. Napoleon had already conquered one revolutionary republic [France] from within. He was sending a mighty army to take another by brute force [The United States of America].” – The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism, Edward E. Baptist

In the eyes of many Americans today, deluded with America’s current military prowess, the notion of Thomas Jefferson and the United States ever being concerned about a threat from France may seem ridiculous. What such ahistorical analysis ignores is that Thomas Jefferson himself, drafter of America’s Declaration of Independence, was so terrified at the prospect of Napoleon’s army in Louisiana that he publicly stated that Napoleon’s mere presence may force the newly independent United States to run back to cower under the protection of Great Britain’s military.

“And yet, as Jefferson now instructed his envoy to Paris, Robert Livingston, ‘there is on the globe one single spot, the possessor of which is our natural and habitual enemy. It is New Orleans.’ Jefferson had to open the Mississippi one way or the other. ‘Should a French army occupy New Orleans,’ wrote Jefferson, ‘we must marry ourselves to the British fleet and Nation.’”— The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism, Edward E. Baptist

Thomas Jefferson, America’s founding father, was cowering in fear about the prospect of fighting Napoleon’s Army. The same army the Haitian former slaves had been bravely vanquishing and eventually totally defeated under the leadership of Jean Jacques Dessalines. So much for the idea of American exceptionalism.

Dessalines planned a war of extermination of every Frenchman on the Island.”

The capture of Toussaint L’Ouverture on June 7, 1802, instead of weakening the Haitian resistance in fact strengthened it. Toussaint was one of the more moderate Haitian Revolutionary leaders, and he was replaced as head of the Black rebellion by the most feared and brutal of his Generals: Jean Jacques Dessalines. Dessalines planned a war of extermination of every Frenchman on the Island using the revolutionary call “Koupe Tete, Boule Kaye” meaning “Cut off their heads, and burn their houses,” – referring to all French soldiers and Frenchmen in sight.

 “By the middle of 1802, the first wave of French forces had withered away [in Saint Domingue/Haiti]. Napoleon reluctantly diverted the Louisiana Army [20,000 soldiers] to Saint Domingue/Haiti. Then this second expedition was also destroyed. So even as Toussaint L’Ouverture shivered in his cell across the ocean, the army he left behind [under Jean Jacques Dessalines] became the first to deal a decisive defeat to Napoleon’s ambitions. Damn sugar, damn coffee, damn colonies,” the first of the Whites [Napoleon] was heard to grumble into his cup at a state dinner. “– The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism, Edward E. Baptist.

After vanquishing Napoleon’s forces in Port Au Prince and Les Cayes, Napoleon’s remaining army retreated to Au Cap, Haiti, to be defeated in the final battle of the Haitian Revolution, the Battle of Vertieres, November 18, 1803. This final defeat of the remains of Napoleon’s massive expedition was so demoralizing that it not only forced Napoleon to give up his plans of conquering North America and the United States, it compelled him to enter an agreement that would change the history and trajectory of the United States forever, literally giving birth to the nation it was to become: Napoleon consummated The Louisiana Purchase. Again, this was only possible because of the Haitian Army lead by Jean Jacques Dessalines.

“The treaty would change the trajectory of the United States forever.”

Thomas Jefferson expected to only benefit from the situation by acquiring the city of New Orleans. So important was that port to the potential development of the United States, he was more than thrilled with the possibility of acquiring merely that city from Napoleon. The extent of Bonaparte’s demoralized defeat at the hands of Jean Jacques Dessalines and the Haitian army was demonstrated by the dimensions of the deal he consummated with Thomas Jefferson’s representative in Paris:

“Napoleon’s minion shocked Livingston [Thomas Jefferson’s representative] almost out of his knee breeches with an astonishing offer: not just New Orleans, but all of French Louisiana–the whole west bank of the Mississippi and its tributaries. now the United States was offered–for a mere $15 million–828,000 square miles, 530 million acres at three cents per acre. This vast expanse doubled the nations size. Eventually the land form the Louisiana Purchase would become all or part of fifteen states. It still accounts for almost a quarter of the surface area of the United States. By the late twentieth century Jefferson’s windfall would be feeding much of the world. One imagines that Livingston found it hard to hold his poker face steady. He immediately agreed to the deal. – The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism,” Edward E. Baptist.

The efforts of Jean Jacques Dessalines and the Haitian Revolutionary army not only protected the fledgling United States from impending French conquest, the defeat of Napoleon by the brave Haitian former slaves gave America the land mass that would propel it into being one of the most powerful nations in history. None of this would have been possible without the bravery of the Haitian people who would not be enslaved.

 “To the deadly climate of Saint Domingue/Haiti and the courage and obstinate resistance made by its Black inhabitants are we indebted…[The] truth is, Bonaparte found himself absolutely compelled’–and not by Jefferson–“to relinquish his daring plan of colonizing the banks of the Mississippi.” — Alexander Hamilton. Quote from: “The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism,” Edward E. Baptist.

The Haitian Revolution saved Jefferson’s United States from eventual conquest by Napoleon who placed 20,000 soldiers (more than the entire United States Army at the time) in New Orleans to invade North America after he foolishly thought he could defeat the Haitian Revolutionary Army. Those 20,000 soldiers had to be sent to Haiti to quell the rebellion and were subsequently defeated. Napoleon then sold all the Louisiana Territory west of the Mississippi to Thomas Jefferson for three cents per acre. This is the real story of how America was made great. Next time some Trump supporters wish to pop off about “taking their country back,” just remind them they should thank God and the Haitian people that they even have a country.

Pascal Robert is an iconoclastic Haitian American Lawyer, blogger, and online activist for Haiti. You can find his work on the web at Thought Merchant, and at Huffington Post. He can be reached via twitter at https://twitter.com/probert06 @probert06 orthoughtmerchant@gmail.com.

A Couple of Questions on Dallas…then I’m Gone Again






From the Melanated Man:

I have some thoughts on the police shootings in Dallas last night that makes me skeptical. And again, my condolences go out to the families of policemen who lost their lives. I don’t condone this type of retaliation.

But any who…

1. I don’t know in detail the type of sniper rifles that were used, but if the snipers were BLACK, how in the WORLD were they able to obtain these guns without any type of surveillance from the FBI or NSA picking this up?

Because whether you acknowledge or not, BLACKS are heavily surveillance on the low.

2. There were peaceful protest demonstrations taking place across the entire nation last night. Why Dallas? What made Dallas the perfect target for an obvious planned attack?

3. What type of consequences will take place after what they are call “the deadliest day for law enforcement since 9/11?” What’s the end game? Because mass shootings have become about as normal as the SUNSET these days. Will it lead to…

…more police brutality?

….stricter gun laws, further disarming the American people of the Second Amendment rights?

…eventual MARTIAL LAW?


Just something to think about…

(Enough of the gloom and doom. I’m going back on my mainstream media hiatus! Looking at you wifey and brother, NO MORE UPDATES!!)


Peace and love to melanated family,

The Melanated Man



Wake Me Up When We Decide to Break Away…FOR GOOD!!!



From the Melanated Man:

(I consider this a waste of my time writing about this, but for some reason we’re missing the point. This is my two cents and I’m done with it FOREVER!)


First off, my condolences go out to the families of Philando Castile and Alton Sterling. I can only imagine the grief and heartache they are going through with the deaths of their loved ones, young BLACK-MELANATED MEN.

And I saw the videos (smh.) Does this SHIT still happen in 2016???



Fortunately and unfortunately (for most of us full of fear!) the ball is in OUR court, BLACK ladies and especially BLACK gentlemen.


Police brutality has occurred since time immoral, having been trained to kill BLACKS on the low to keep them docile.This is  reminiscent of the Ku Klux Klan’s Reign of Terror during Reconstruction Era and the slave patrols during slavery times.

It’s nothing new, just being broadcast more frequently by the mainstream media (hmm I wonder?)


So what’s THEIR agenda?

I can entertain the notion (or conspiracy theory!) that the-powers-that-be secretly want to stoke the emotional fire of the masses to create some superficial race war between black and whites and whomever to bring about martial law so the government can have even MORE control of the lives of AmeriKKKan citizens.


(Note: I wrote this prior to the shootings in Dallas  last night and again, my condolences go out to the families of the policemen who were killed. But something seems suspect about that entire ordeal. Are THEY really trying to instigate chaos? This looks like beautiful movie orchestration, where’s my popcorn?!)


That leads to statements such as…

“Well, forget that nonsense. We just need to all get along and get on the same page. We are all the same anyways.”

Orrrr… (in my Michael Jackson singing voice): “We are the world, we are the children, we are the ones to make a brighter day, so let’s start giving!”

And forced fed ideas of interracial marriage, affirmative action (filling the quota), and forms of unwanted integration tactics and colorblind BRAINWASHING.

Nevertheless, we are still unwanted and considered 3/5 of a Caucasian man/woman!

Leading us back to SQUARE ONE along the Merry-Go-Round!


THEY don’t want to accept US… .but… they don’t want US to separate EITHER!

So WHICH one is it?

In my honest, humble opinion…

The-powers-that-be, Massa, the top 1%, whoever, realize the  that BLACK-MELANATED PEOPLE built this SHIT (the United States in all its glory and splendor) and are the ONES who are  perpetuating the SHIT’S (the hegemony, THE MATRIX) continuance with our voluntary participation!

And they know that their common, ordinary Caucasian, European brethren are too dumb to realize this simple FACT!!

So to keep peace, however tenuous, they appease them with the Good Ole Boy policy, to keep them fed and docile as much as possible…

…in the process trying ever so hard to PREACH the importance of accepting and integrating with BLACKS…


And by golly, we continue to BEG!


When are we going to come to the conclusion that this world, this setup, this MATRIX is not geared toward our survival, our THRIVAL?

That it’s geared to THEIRS!


The Civil Rights Movement was the biggest con game

Are we incapable of building our OWN EMPIRE (again?) and protecting it “by any means necessary?” 

I know about the Tulsa Race Riots and other situations like it,  so I understand our fear.

But there’s breaking point…

AND I’m ready to break FREE, physically and metaphysically.

But I don’t want go alone.




We are being exterminated in every way imaginable!

I’m not a cockroach!! And DAMN IT, neither are YOU!!




(And seriously, I’m ONE AND DONE with the police brutality discussion. I’m tired of hearing about it so I definitely have little energy for discussing it. We already know what we need to do. Now back to my hiatus.)


Peace and Love to my melanated family,

The Melanated Man




Reblog: Police Rule African-American Man Found Hanging in Atlanta’s Piedmont Park Suicide, Black Twitter isn’t Buying it

(Well I’m staying out of Piedmont Park!!)


Originally posted on Atlanta Blackstar:


July 7, 2016 | Posted by Tanasia Kenney


Reports of a Black body found hanged in a tree at Atlanta’s Piedmont Park began circulating on social media early Thursday morning.

Amid recent high-profile incidents of violence against African-American men, many were quick to deem the tragedy a “modern day lynching.” But spokesman for the Atlanta Police Department, Donald Hannah, said it’s nothing of the sort.

According to authorities, the person found was the victim of an apparent suicide. Atlanta PD told Atlanta Black Star via Twitter that officers were called to the Charles Allen entrance of the park just before 5 o’clock Thursday morning when they discovered a man’s body hanging from a tree by a rope. He was pronounced dead at the scene.

“There were no discernible signs of a struggle or foul play,” Hannah said.  “A Fulton County medical examiner concurred that the death was consistent with a suicide.”

According to a direct message from Atlanta PD’s official Twitter account, the individual found hanged was an African-American male,  aged 25-35.

Medical examiner “Hagar assumed custody of the unidentified body,” the message stated. “Atlanta Crime Scene Unit L. Robertson photographed the scene. Final cause and manner of death are pending autopsy.”

Although officials have ruled the man’s death a suicide, Black Twitter isn’t buying it.


View article in its entirety on Atlanta Blackstar:



Random Thought: My Appreciation for the Common Voice Grows!





From the Melanated Man:

Well I’m tapping back into the madness for a minute  just to share a few words. I been working on my memoir and i have to tell you, writing a book sucks all of your creative juices. Which is why I mentioned a couple a weeks ago I was stepping away from the blog to focus more on that.

It’s been fun and self-fulfilling too! I learn more about myself every time I write my 1000 word per day on it.

But I can’t leave The Melanin Man blog hanging, so I got to tend to my baby (besides my two beautiful daughters and wife!) so people won’t worry that I fell off the face of the earth.

During that time memoir writing, I have been on a self-imposed mainstream media blackout for a little over a week and a half, which I intend on stretching into the winter. Hopefully I can grow even more than I have already have in last couple of years. I have only stuck to the blogs I follow and a select few of BLACK-focused websites which I re-post articles from time to time.

And so far it has been rewarding.

I already had a appreciation for blogs created by common folk such as myself. And by staying off mainstream sites such as Yahoo, CNN, Fox, ABC and those that ilk, I understand how essentially important the common man’s (and woman’s) voice truly is.

Honestly, it’s the only voice that MATTERS.

We are the GROUND LEVEL, the GRASSROOTS as you would say.

When I read blogs that I follow (i.e. gray suede, Kushite Kingdom, nidotopianwarrior ) I can hear a passion that is UNFILTERED and a commonality that I can’t obviously receive from the mainstream media platform.

I can connect, and now I recognize that connection in its entirety…and I am grateful for that.

I’m grateful that I can share a piece of myself with others who I have something in common with. And these days that is very HARD to find.

Because the mainstream media platform only DUMBS DOWN your consciousness, especially those of HIGH MELANIN CONTENT.

99% of their content is ENTERTAINMENT BULLSHIT, 1% may be substantive but SLANTED.

BLACK PEOPLE, you really have to be careful of the sources you receive your information from.

Go to the sources that you can relate, your BLACK MEDIA PLATFORMS, preferably ones that are not OWNED by the WHITE-MAJORITY!





truth-out.org (funded by Caucasians but provides good non-bias information every so often.)

Check out other blogs (besides mine; I thank you for the support nevertheless!) on WordPress, Blogger, and other blog engines that you can relate to that can feed your SOUL.

Support the common messengers!

In the process, create your OWN voice, on your OWN platform if you have the courage ( I know you do!)

Because it is important and of value!

And I say common folk to get my point across, but I don’t believe any of us are common ( and I’m not just blowing smoke up your ass!)




Peace and love to my melanated family,

The Melanated Man



A Reblog: Brexit: A Nail in the Coffin of Neo-colonialism in Africa

Originally published on BLACK AGENDA REPORT:



Submitted by Netfa Freeman on Tue, 06/28/2016 – 17:07

While much of the discourse and debate around the UK referendum to leave the European Union (EU), a move known as Brexit (= Britain + exit), seems centered solely on its impact on Britain, Western Europe as a whole, and the U.S., Foreign Policy Magazine (FP) warns us, “Brexit Is Bad News for Africa. Period.” Before listing a litany of cons, from the “loss of British leadership in places like Somalia” to “South Africa, where many large companies are co-listed on the London Stock Exchange,” FP explains a re-worked UK-Africa policy, “even unencumbered by EU inefficiencies, …will leave Britain with a fraction of the influence it currently wields in Africa.” It will also disrupt if not discontinue many UK-led EU initiatives in Africa, according to FP.

The Thursday June 23rd referendum turned out 71.8% of UK voters, deciding 52% to 48% to leave the EU. It was the highest turnout in a UK-wide vote since the 1992 general election.

For some, Brexit has called into question the purpose of the EU and for some white liberals it has sparked concern over the possibility that it marks the end of internationalism. “The UK will split apart as Scotland goes ahead with a second vote on its own independence. Referendums on EU membership will follow in France and in the Netherlands. Brexit would be a tipping point for the Swedes and their growing Euroskepticism. Economic contagion could spread to Ireland, which is so closely linked to the British economy, and to Portugal, which is so close to default.”

“Europe eliminated or overrode most existing forms of African autonomy and self-governance.”

After the EU comes apart at the seams, then perhaps all the various international efforts to pool resources and find common purpose — NATO, ASEAN, the OAS — will suffer a similar failure to cohere.

Surely all of this spells disaster for the whole world, yes?

The 1993 formalizing of the EU was for Africa no different than the 1884 Berlin Conference where Europe united to regulate and cooperate in its Scramble for Africa during heightened colonial activity by European powers. This predecessor union of Europe eliminated or overrode most existing forms of African autonomy and self-governance. Today in Africa the EU plays the role of enforcing neo-colonialism through its Africa Working Party (COAFR) and so-called Africa-EU Strategic Partnership that ensure neo-liberal economic policies dominate Africa. We can be sure that when the partnership claims to cooperate on issues like governance and human rights it is not talking about how European countries are governed or human rights abuses in those countries. It is based on the paternalistic premise that Africa is inherently savage and contemporarily corrupt and naturally prone to abusing human rights.

Believing Brexit could represent the beginning of the end for international cooperation, as some have put it, is to believe that the world does or should revolve around Europe. The late Pan-Africanist Kwame Ture (aka Stokely Carmichael) pointed out that those whose thinking is dominated by Euro-centrism and white supremacy often mistakenly “make the particular history of Europe the general history of the world.”

Karl Marx demonstrated this when he asserted that religion is the opium of the masses based on its particular history in Europe. Yet ,on the contrary, other parts of the world were able to experience religion in their histories as an enlightening and morally grounding force.

“Euro-centric thinking commits the error of believing that the particular interests of Europe are the same as the general interests of the rest of the world.”

In Walter Rodney’s seminal book, How Europe Underdeveloped Africa he explains, “The first significant thing about the internationalization of trade in the 15th century was that Europeans took the initiative and went to other parts of the world. No Chinese boats reached Europe, and if any African canoes reached the Americas (as is sometimes maintained) they did not establish two-way links. What was called international trade was nothing but the extension overseas of European interests. The strategy behind international trade and the production that supported it was firmly in European hands, and specifically, in the hands of the sea-going nations from the North Sea to the Mediterranean.”

In scholarly detail, Rodney outlines how the development of Europe meant the underdevelopment of Africa and vice versa. Through centuries of enslavement, the appropriation and refinement of Africa’s raw materials, setting inequitable terms of trade that favor Europe, and brain drain, and through the rape of Africa and other continents Western Europe has become self-appointed as the First World along with the U.S.

To follow Euro-centric thinking is to also to commit the error of believing that the particular interests of Europe are the same as the general interests of the rest of the world. It assumes that the internationalism facilitated by institutions like the EU, NATO, and the UN serves the best interests of Africa, Latin America and Asia. Fundamentally, the economic and political hegemony enjoyed by both Western Europe and the U.S. is at the expense of the “underdeveloped” world, secured by these institutions.

The epic tug-of-war between the internationalism of communist versus capitalist was not the only type of internationalism to emerge from the 20th century. A non-Western Euro-centric reflection recognizes the history of the movement for Pan-Africanism in the struggle for a united African continent under a socialist government. The original Organization of African Unity (OAU) – now the African Union (AU) – was a direct attempt toward that.

“Today in Africa the EU ensures neo-liberal economic policies dominate Africa.”

There was also the internationalism of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), a group of states declaring no formal alignment with or against any major power bloc. Its purpose was to ensure “the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of non-aligned countries” in their “struggle against imperialism, colonialism, neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics.” A milestone of NAM was the 1955 Bandung Conference of Asian and African states hosted by Indonesia that gave a significant contribution to promote the movement under the leadership of President Sukarno.

Then there is the very contemporary internationalism of Latin America, ALBA, (the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America), an intergovernmental organization based on the idea of the social, political and economic integration of the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean.

All of these types of internationalism recognized the inherently inhumane nature of capitalist imperialism but, in addition, understood the need to address the cultural white supremacy and racism of global Euro-centrism.

By playing the overall role of maintaining both the domination of international finance capital and the centrality of Western Europe and the U.S., the EU serves in making these three things virtually synonymous and by no means a friend to Africa regardless of official claims in mission statements and benevolent public pronouncements.

Today the EU enforces sanctions on African countries that attempt to exercise their right to national self-determination or who in anyway don’t submit to the self-appointed benevolence of Western Europe and the U.S. Openly the EU admits that it imposes, “Sanctions – also referred to as restrictive measures – against third countries… to bring about a change in policy or activity by the target country, part of a country, government, entities or individuals.”

“The moral orientation of Western Europe and it’s NATO ally, the U.S., has not changed since the Berlin Conference.”

Currently the EU is imposing sanctions on 37 countries around the world. Sixteen of those are African countries.

Because history has unfolded in a way that the former colonial powers have set the disposition of economic and political power in the world, sanctions can’t really be enforced against the U.S. or Western European countries, making them altogether unjust, immoral and essentially a tool of neo-colonialism.

The moral orientation of Western Europe and it’s NATO ally, the U.S., has not changed since the Berlin Conference, on through to it conspiring to thwart the African independence movement that swept the continent in the 1950-60s, until now with its use of the CIA, MI6, Interpol, USAID, UK’s DFID to maneuver iron fist and velvet glove type strategies to dominate the world and Africa.

If Brexit represents the beginning of the end of the EU, the only appropriate African response would be to celebrate and forge on to make it represent a nail in the coffin of neo-colonialism.

Netfa Freeman is an organizer in Pan-African Community Action, the Events Coordinator at the Institute for Policy Studies, and radio producer and host for Voices With Vision on WPFW 89.3 FM, Washington DC.